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Motion detection using Edge Impulse and Thingy:91#


This example runs a motion detection model using the accelerometer of the Thingy:91 development kit, built with Edge Impulse. It streams the detected motion patterns to a LwM2M server.

Snake motion detector

Detecting the motion patterns: "idle" and "snake"

LwM2M Objects used:

  • Security: /0
  • Server: /1
  • Device: /3
  • Pattern Detector: /33650 (custom object)


  • Thingy:91
  • Coiote IoT DM account
  • Installed Zephyr dependencies
  • Serial communication program e.g. minicom or RealTerm (for Linux or Mac) or PuTTy (for Windows)


This tutorial uses the Arm Embedded Toolchain, which is not compatible with the Apple M1 chipset.


Clone the Anjay Zephyr repository#

Open the command line interface on your machine and clone the Anjay Zephyr repository using Git:

git clone

Set West manifest path to Anjay-zephyr-client/ei_demo, and manifest file to west-nrf.yml and run west update:

west config manifest.path Anjay-zephyr-client/ei_demo
west config manifest.file west-nrf.yml
west update

Update the endpoint name and PSK (optional)#


The default credentials are:

  • Endpoint name: Anjay-zephyr-client
  • PSK (Pre-Shared Key): test

The Endpoint Name and PSK can be configured using menuconfig.

To open menuconfig, run the following command:

west build -b thingy91_nrf9160_ns -p -t menuconfig

Open up the folder anjay-zephyr-client --->


Create a new Endpoint Name and PSK Key:


After making the changes, press Q to close the config menu and Y to save.

Compile the project#

Go to the ei_demo directory and compile the project for the Thingy:91:

west build -b thingy91_nrf9160_ns

Write the firmware to the Thingy:91#

  1. Find the build file in the directory /build/zephyr, named: app_signed.hex.
  2. Connect the Thingy:91 to a USB port of your machine.
  3. Flash the file using the Programmer application in nRF Cloud for Desktop via MCUboot.

Find more information on flashing the Thingy:91 using MCU Boot here.

Connect the Thingy:91 to Coiote IoT Device Management platform#

To connect to Coiote IoT Device Management platform, please register at

To connect the board:

  1. Log in to Coiote IoT DM and select Device Inventory from the left side menu.
  2. In Device Inventory, select Add device.
  3. Select the Connect your LwM2M device directly via the Management server tile.

    Add via Management server

  4. In the Device credentials step:

    • Add the Endpoint name, the default endpoint name is: Anjay-zephyr-client
    • Key Identity is the same as the endpoint name
    • Add the Key, the default key is: test
    • Click Add device and then Confirm in the confirmation pop-up

    Add Management quick

Add the Pattern Detection Object to Coiote IoT DM#

Object ID /33650 refers to the pattern detection model and indicates which pattern has been detected.

To add this custom object, go to the device overview page in Coiote IoT DM and click the top-right button: Go to previous version.

Previous Version button

In the left-side menu, click Objects.

Click the button at the top right corner: Add new LwM2M object definition.

New Object step 1

To add a new object definition, copy-paste the following XML file and click Import.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>

<LWM2M xmlns:xsi="" xsi:noNamespaceSchemaLocation="">
    <Object ObjectType="MODefinition">
        <Name>Pattern detector</Name>
        <Description1><![CDATA[This object is used to report the pattern detected by the ML-based classification algorithms and to count the number of times it has been detected.]]></Description1>
            <Item ID="2000">
                <Name>Detector State</Name>
                <Description><![CDATA[The current state of a detector.]]></Description>
            <Item ID="2001">
                <Name>Detector Counter</Name>
                <Description><![CDATA[The cumulative value of patterns detected.]]></Description>
            </Item><Item ID="2002">
                <Name>Pattern Name</Name>
                <Description><![CDATA[Name of the pattern being detected.]]></Description>


New Object step 2

After importing the object definition, go back to the New Device Center by clicking the button in the top-right corner: Go to new Device Center.

Button new device center

If the import was successful, you will find the object: /33650 Pattern detector under Data model.

Button new device center

Pattern detection#

The object: /33650 can distinguish three patterns:

  1. Idle
  2. Circle
  3. Snake

Each pattern is defined as an Object Instance. The number of times the pattern has been recognized is shown as the Detector Counter.

To see the Detector Counter for each pattern, select the corresponding Object Instance by clicking the down-arrow: ▼.

New Object step 4

Now start moving the Thingy:91 around to detect all three patterns. When a new motion pattern is detected, the Detector Counter increases and the LED color on the device will change.

Set observations#

The LwM2M standard allows you to instruct the device about the minimum and maximum allowed intervals between two updates. The intervals can be set from 1 second to multiple days. To instruct the device, an OBSERVE operation can be sent from the LwM2M Server to the LwM2M Client.

For more information, see how to set observations

Last update: May 14, 2024